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Brain Injury

Articles on Brain Injury

  • BrainLine is a national multimedia project offering information and resources about preventing, treating, and living with TBI. BrainLine includes a series of webcasts, an electronic newsletter, and an extensive outreach campaign in partnership with national organizations concerned about traumatic brain injury.

  • While the symptoms of a brain injury in children are similar to the those experienced by adults, the functional impact can be very different. Children are not little adults; the brain of a child is still developing. The cognitive impairments of children with brain injury may not be immediately obvious after the injury, but may become apparent as the child gets older. These implications can create lifetime challenges for living and learning for children, their families, schools, and communities. In this section, you will find various resources for dealing with the most common implications of brain injury in children.

  • Depending on what part or parts of a person's brain are injured, the individual may experience significant behavioral and emotional changes.

    The frontal lobe, for example, helps govern personality and impulsivity. If damaged, there might be no "braking mechanism" for self-control. A person may find he cannot control his anger or aggression. He may also make inappropriate comments to friends or strangers not realizing they are off color. Or the opposite might happen — someone's personality may become muted or seemingly emotionless. This is called "flat affect."

  • The scope of this page is limited to pediatric traumatic brain injury (ages birth through 21). ASHA has a separate Practice Portal resource page on Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults.

  • Certainly playing a contact sport, especially on the professional level, comes with the risk of injury. Injuries are part of a professional athlete's life. But injuries can also take place on a pee-wee football field, the ski slopes, or a local bike path. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that 1.6-3.8 million sports- and recreation-related concussions occur in the United States each year. And women and girls are just as likely as men and boys to sustain a brain injury playing sports.

  • Overview
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of acquired disability and death in infants and children. Falls and motor vehicle collisions are common unintentional causes, whereas child abuse in infants and young children and assaults in adolescents are unfortunate inflicted causes of TBI. Management focuses on limiting progression of the primary brain injury and minimizing secondary brain injury. Research has revealed important age-dependent responses following pediatric traumatic brain injury.