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Articles on Trama

  • This article illustrates the multidimensional impact of violence during infancy and the effectiveness of a relaionship-focused treatment, Parent Child Psychotherapy (CPP), in addressing the traumatic consequences of exposure to violence.
    Article by Vilma Reyes & Alicia Lieberman; University of California, San Francisco.

  • This article explores emotional triggers of trauma, patterns of trauma re-enactment and the impact on childhood development.
    Article by Bessel A Van der Kolk; Psychiatric Annals; May 2005; 35, 5; Psychology Module pg 401

  • The fact sheets linked from this page offer descriptive summaries of some of the clinical treatments, mental health interventions, and other trauma-informed service approaches that the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) and its various centers have developed and/or implemented as a means of promoting the Network’s mission of raising the standard of care for traumatized youth and families.

  • Article that discusses the biology of the brain and how it may be altered by traumatic events.
    Article from the Kansas City Star.

  • Fact sheet from the VA National Center for PTSD that describes symptoms, treatments and possible causes of PTSD in children.

  • Article from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network
    "By age 16, two-thirds of children in the US are exposed to a potentially traumatic event. For
    many children, these traumatic events can be associated with serious and life-long medical
    and mental health problems such as depression, suicidal ideation, alcohol and substance
    use, obesity, aggression, lower occupational attainment, increased use of social
    services, and increased medical costs..."

  • This in-depth article explores how the brain develops, the effects of maltreatment on brain development and resources available to families.
    Article from Child Welfare Information Gateway; Issue Brief April 2015

  • This in-depth article provides statistics on causes of traumatic stress in children, explains different types of traumatic stress, and looks at long-term outcomes of children affected by traumatic stress.
    From the Child Welfare Trauma Training Toolkit: Comprehensive Guide- 2nd Edition March 2008